ISSN 2312-5160

online ISSN 2786-4502


Visit our Facebook-page

Visit our Facebook-page

Indexed in

Index Copernicus
Google Scolar
Maksymovych Scientific Library
Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine

Current Issues of Mass Communication, 2019, no. 26, pp. 28-40


UDC 81’373.21:316.773.4


Urbanonymic Acts in the Context of Modern Information Wars:
Symbolic and Communicational Functions

Full text (PDF)

Dmytro Danylchuk *

PhD. (philol. sci), Associate Professor
Department of Language and Stylistics, Institute of Journalism,
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
36/1 Illienka St., Kyiv, 04119, Ukraine,

* Corresponding author’s e-mail address:




The study is relevant due to the need for effective diagnosis of such manifestations of the information war, they have the external form of memorial urbanonymic acts (name and renaming). Revealing of the hidden essence of an urban anonymous act is possible provided that it is properly described in terms of the social communication theory and a corresponding analysis of both
the structure and functions of the act itself as well as the associated media texts. This should contribute, on the one hand, to counteract hostile acts of information war disguised as urbanonymic memorial changes, and, on the other hand, to use, consciously and systematically, similar tools of information influence. The theoretical significance of this intelligence is to expand the application field of the theory of social communication and social communication science as a whole due to urbanonymy as one of the channels of mass communication. The purpose of the research is to describe this category of urbanonymic acts, to determine their functions in the aspect of social communication, to propose the criteria for distinguishing the analyzed denominations from the general array of names and renames in urbanonymy. The study used the following
methods: descriptive – to determine the type of urbannymic acts and to determine the factors that influence the acquisition of the character of the démarches to foreign countries; methods of analysis and synthesis – in order to formulate criteria for the presence in the act of signs of a foreign policy demarche; empiric analysis and structural-functional analysis – to reveal the in-
formation and socio-political context of the urbanonyma changes and to clarify their functional characteristics. As a result of the analysis of urbanonymic renamings in Ukraine during 2014–2019, criteria have been formulated which allowed to distinguish urbanonymic acts with signs of foreign policy demarche. The functions of such acts in the context of modern information wars
are defined, in particular the key role of symbolic and communication functions is substantiated.

 KEYWORDS: urbanonymy; urbanonymic act; information wars; demarche.



1. “Dictionary of the Ukrainian language”: in 11 volumes (1970 – 1980) / Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. Institute of Linguistics; ed. by I. K. Bilodid. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 1971. Vol. 2. P. 234.
2. Neroznak V.P., Gorbanevsky M.V. (1991), “Soviet “Newspeak” on the geographic map: About stamps and stereotypes of speech thinking”. Moscow: Znaniye. 63 p.
3. Males L.V. (1998), “Urbanonymy and state ideology: features of interaction”, Bulletin Sotsiolohiya. Psykholohiya. Pedahohika. Kyiv. Issue 6, pp. 21-23.
4. Riznyk O.O. (2007), “Toponymic landscape of Kyiv and problems of state toponymic policy”. URL: (Access Date: 02/04/2020)
5. Halay O. (2008), “Extralingual factors of the evolution of urbanonymicon of the Transcarpathian region in the XX – XXI centuries”, Scientific Bulletin of Uzhgorod National University, Series: Philology. Issue 18, pp. 63–68.
6. Vuolteenaho, J., Berg, L. (2009), “Towards critical toponymies”. In Critical Toponymies: The Contested Politics of Place Naming, ed. L. Berg and J. Vuolteenaho. Farnham: Ashgated Publishing Limited, İngiltere. 1132 p.
7. Rose-Redwood, R.S., D. Alderman, D. and Azaryahu, M. (2010), “Geographies of toponymic inscription: new directions in critical place-name studies”, Progress in Human Geography, No. 34(4), pp. 453-470.
8. Nirappil F., “Street signs outside Russian embassy in Washington now honor slain dissident”, The Washington Post, 27.02.2018. URL: (accessed 04.02.2020)
9. Leusenko Oleg, “A Moscow’s hysteric to rename the place in front of the Russian Embassy in Washington in Nemtsov Square”. URL: (accessed 04.02.2020).
10. “The street on which the Russian Embassy stands can be renamed in honor of Nemtsov”, Ukrayinska Pravda Internet Edition.
URL: (accessed 02.04.2020)
11. Protocol No. 4 of the meeting of the Names Commission under the Mayor of Kyiv // Site of the Department of Public Communications of the KSCA. URL: (accessed 04.02.2020).
12. “In honor of Nemtsov was named a square in the Solomyanskiy district of Kyiv”. URL: (accessed 04.02.2020).
13. “Activists are asked to rename the Prague square by the name of Nemtsov”, Prague Express. URL: (accessed 04.02.2020).
14. “In Vilnius in honor of Boris Nemtsov a square at the Russian Embassy is named”, Radio Liberty. URL: (accessed 04.02.2020).
15. Official site of the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Ukraine. URL: (accessed 15.08.2019).
16. Bondarenko K. (2007), “Leonid Kuchma: portrait on an era background”. Kharkiv: Folio. 636 p.
17. Danylchuk D. (2019), “Public (spontaneous) renaming of urbanonymy objects as a socio-communication phenomenon”, In Language. Society. Journalism: Materials of the XXV (Anniversary) international science-in-practice conference on functioning and development of ukrainian languages (Kyiv, November 5, 2019). Kyiv: Institute of Journalism, pp. 58-64.
18. “Google “decommunized” the cities of Crimea on their maps” // URL: (accessed 04.02.2020).

Comments are closed.