ISSN 2312-5160

online ISSN 2786-4502


Visit our Facebook-page

Visit our Facebook-page

Indexed in

Index Copernicus
Google Scolar
Maksymovych Scientific Library
Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine

Current Issues of Mass Communication, 2017, no. 22, pp. 08-18

ISSN 2312-5160


Full text, PDF (in English)

Reality Show in Modern System of Mass Communication (Based on Ukrainian Reality Shows)

Anastasia Filonenko

Institute of Journalism, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 36/1 Melnikova str., 04119 Kyiv, Ukraine

* Corresponding author’s e-mail address: ajfilonenko[@]



The purpose of our study was to understand the nature of the reality show phenomenon in the system of mass communication through analysis of Ukrainian media market of reality shows.

For this purpose we have used a broad methodological base: a descriptive method for identifying the features of reality show and journalism, a bibliographic method for processing scientific sources, an inductive method to determine the functioning of reality show, the method of comparative analysis to understand relationship between journalism and reality show, historic-typological method to classify reality shows, methods of generalization and structuring to develop a modern structure of mass communication.

The main results of the research are the following: we found that reality show is a product of journalistic activity; the concept of “reality show” and “reality television” is clearly determined. Reality show is a format of a television product in which the actions and emotions of true people in real-life or in specially modelled situations are observed, characterized by accomplishment of unusual actions and constant commentary on everything that happens to them. This category includes competitions, dating, makeover, etc. Reality TV is a type of television program that demonstrates non-played situations in which real people, whether ordinary citizens or politicians and stars of show business, find themselves.

The value of our research is that the correlation between reality show, its types and reality TV is clearly established. Reality TV consists of: 1) reality shows; 2) studio/gaming shows (talk show, late night show, game show), 3) broadcasting events (sports, music events, awards ceremony, etc.). Reality TV belongs to the category of entertainment television.

In this study the classification of reality shows has been improved, a whole series of functions of the reality show programs has been identified (entertainment, information, recreation, education, social integration and public control), it is proved that reality show has a great potential in the context of mass communication.


KEYWORDS: reality show; reality TV; television; journalism; mass communication.



  1. Fagerjord, A. & Storsul, T. (2007), “Questioning convergence, Questioning convergence”, In: Storsul, T. & Stuedahl, D. (Eds.), Ambivalence Towards Convergence, Nordicom, Gothenburg, p. 19–31.
  2. Mykhailyn, I. (2002), Basics Of Journalism: a Textbook, Centr uchbovoji literatury, Kyiv, 284 p.
  3. Bidzilia, Y. (2007), Journalists Dictionary: Terms, Mass Media, Figures, Zakarpattja, Uzhhorod, 224 p.
  4. Rizun, V. (2008), The Theory of Mass Communication: a Textbook, Vydavnychyj centr “Prosvita”, Kyiv, 260 p.
  5. Mordiuk, A. (2015), “Infotainmentization of the Ukrainian news: through the view on the “New channel” news broadcasting”, TV and Radio Journalism, Issue 14, pp. 203-207.
  6. Novy Channel (2016), “Polovynky – Season 2 – Episode 1”, available at: (accessed 01 Febuary 2018).
  7. Novy Channel (2015), “Polovynky – Episode 7”, available at: (accessed 01 Febuary 2018).
  8. Merriam-Webster (2018), “Journalism”, available at: (accessed 1 Febuary 2018).
  9. Oxford Dictionaries, “Journalism”, available at:­nition/journalism (accessed 01 Febuary 2018).
  10. Collins, “Journalism”, available at:­lish/journalism (accessed 01 Febuary 2018).
  11. Cambridge Dictionary, “News”, available at:­tionary/english/news (accessed 01 Febuary 2018).
  12. Patterson, T.E. (2000), Doing Well and Doing Good: How Soft News and Critical Journalism are Shrinking the News Audience and Weakening Democracy – And What News Outlets Can Do about It, Cambridge, Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 28 p.
  13. Hallin, D. (1990), “Whatever Happened to the News?”, available at: (accessed 01 Febuary 2018).
  14. Moskalenko, A. (1998), The Theory Of Journalism: a Textbook, Ekspres-ob’java, Kyiv, 335 p.
  15. Goian, V. (2011), Journalistic Creativity On TV, Kyjivsjkyj universytet, Kyiv, 319 p.
  16. Verhovna Rada of Ukraine (2018), “Law of Ukraine on State Support for the Mass Media and Social Protection of Journalists”, available at: (accessed 01 Febuary 2018).
  17. StarLightMedia (2018), “Journalist of the “Secret Agent” project of the New Channel”, available at: (accessed 01 Febuary 2018).
  18. Detector Media (2012), “Freimuth and her colleagues were attacked during the filming of the Auditor”, available at: (accessed 01 Febuary 2018).
  19. Detector Media (2018), “Andrei Danilko wandered in on the air, and then asked for that forgiveness”, available at: (accessed 01 Febuary 2018).


Comments are closed.