ISSN 2312-5160

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Maksymovych Scientific Library
Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine

Current Issues of Mass Communication, 2016, no. 20, pp. 08-22

ISSN 2312-5160


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Memorial Culture in Ukraine in the Context of Media Perception of Historical Problems (based on documentaries about the Holocaust and Holodomor)

Juergen Grimm (a), Volodymyr Rizun (b), Andreas Enzminger (a), Yurii Havrylets (b)*, Sergii Tukaiev (b), Maksym Khylko (b), Bogdana Nosova (b)

(a) University of Vienna, Department of Communication, 1 Universitätsring, 1010 Vienna, Austria

(b) Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Institute of Journalism, 36/1 Melnikova str., 04119 Kyiv, Ukraine

* Corresponding author’s e-mail address: youri1985[@]



This study sets out the results of media effects experiment of two historical documentaries, conducted within joint research project “Broadcasting History in the Transnational Space” by the Vienna University and Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv researchers’ team. The main objectives of the study were to explore the impact of Holocaust and Holodomor documentaries on personal traits changing, psychological inclinations, as well as on representations of historical issues. Juergen Grimm’s model “Multidimensional-Imparting-of-History” (MIH) was used for assessing imparting history.

The method of modelling was the basic method used during the research. It covers empirical indices of humanitarian values, national identity as well as European and Asian identification. Total of 185 student volunteers (1st to 3rd year of studies at Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv) were involved in the experiment. Students watched two documentaries about two major historical tragedies of the 20th century: Holocaust (Genocide of Jews) in Europe during 1939–1945 and Holodomor (Great Artificial Famine) in Ukraine during 1932–1933. Before and after being exposed to the documentaries, students filled out a questionnaire that included social-identity, national-identity as well as psychological parts.

The main finding of the experiment is the students’ significant predilection to compromise and reduce conflictive and aggression traits. Under the impact of both documentaries, we observed the growth of the disposition for transnational and trans-ethnic community-building (Communitas Skills) and general tendency towards cosmopolitan problem-solving and commitment for universal human rights (Political Humanitas).


KEYWORDS: memorial culture; media effect; documentary; Holodomor; Holocaust.



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